Vice President of Colombia

Second highest constitutional office in the Republic of Colombia

Vice President of the
Republic of Colombia
Vicepresidente de la Republica de Colombia
Vicepresidencia de Colombia.svg
Flag of Colombia.svg
Flag of Colombia
Francia Marquez (2022).jpg
Incumbent
Francia Márquez

since 7 August 2022
Executive Branch of Colombia
Administrative Departament of the Nation
StyleMadam Vice President
(informal)
The Honorable
(formal)
Madam Vice President of the Nation
(within the Senate)
Her Excellency
(diplomatic)
StatusSecond highest executive branch officer
AbbreviationVice President of the Nation
Member ofCabinet
National Government
Council of Ministers of Colombia
National Economic Council
ResidencePrivate Residence
SeatBogotá, D.C.
AppointerPopular Vote, or, if vacant, President via Constitutional
Term lengthFour years, non renewable
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Colombia
Formation17 December 1819
(202 years ago)
 (1819-12-17)
First holderFrancisco Antonio Zea
SuccessionFirst
Salary$235,100 annually
WebsiteVicepresidencia de la República

The Vice President of Colombia (Spanish: Vicepresidente de Colombia), officially known as the Vice President of the Republic of Colombia (Spanish: Vicepresidente de la Republica de Colombia) or Vice President of the Nation (Spanish: Vicepresidente de la Nacíon) is the first in the presidential line of succession, becoming the new president of Colombia upon leave of absence or death, resignation, or removal of the president, as designated by the Colombian Constitution of 1991 which also reinstated the vice president figure after almost a century of being abolished during the presidency of Rafael Núñez. The vice president cannot assume presidential functions on temporary absences of the president such as official trips abroad or vacations. In these cases, the president delegates functions to a cabinet member, usually the Minister of the Interior.

The current Vice President is Francia Márquez, who took office on 7 August 2022.[1]

Functions

The vice president has the same period of functions that the President of Colombia and will replace him in case of temporary or complete absences. The vice president can also be authorized by the president special missions (like to represent him on international diplomatic visits) or designate him in any position of the Colombian Executive branch of Power.

Every president has defined the vice president's functions within their government.

Constitutional mandate

According to the Decree 2719 of 17 December 2000 in the Colombian Constitution of 1991 which modified the structure of the Administrative Department of the Presidency of the Republic, the functions of the vice president are:

  1. To execute special missions set by the President of Colombia and in accordance with the Colombian Constitution.
  2. Advise the president on the execution of policies and politics regarding Human Rights and Corruption.
  3. Collaborate with the Colombian government's management of international and national activities regarding Human Rights and corruption.
  4. Plan mechanisms to harmonize agreements between the different levels of the executive government in Colombia on issues regarding Human Rights and corruption.
  5. Represent Colombia internationally as ordered by the president.
  6. By determination of the president, the vice president will support and advise the president on other issues.
  7. Other functions will be addressed according to the needs of the president.

Eligibility

The vice president must be a natural-born citizen of Colombia, at least 30 years of age. The Colombian Constitution of 1991 requires the vice president to meet the same eligibility requirements as the president that can be re-elected. Individuals are eligible to serve an unlimited number of terms as vice president.[2]

Line of succession

Further succession

In absence of both the president and the vice president, Article 203 of the Constitution of 1991 establishes that the presidential office will be assumed by a minister in the order of precedence established by law. The assuming minister has to be a member of the same party or movement the original president belonged to, and will exercise the presidency until the Congress, within the 30 days following the presidential vacancy, elects a new vice president who will assume the presidency.


This article is part of a series on the
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See also

References

  1. ^ Velasco, Hector (7 August 2022). "Gustavo Petro sworn in as Colombia's first leftist president". AFP (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 7 August 2022. Retrieved 12 August 2022.
  2. ^ "Requisitos para ser candidato presidencial". pdba.georgetown.edu. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  • Vice Presidencia de Colombia official website
  • Biblioteca Luis Angel Arango – List of Vice Presidents of Colombia
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